An individual was in an accident driving someone else's car and the other party was at fault. What is it permissible for him to take from the insurance company? Please note that he has comprehensive insurance with them that he was forced to take when he leased the car from them under a lease-to-own agreement. One of the clauses of the lease says:
If the one who is leasing the car and is allowed to drive the car is involved in an accident, he should not waive his rights.
Another condition is that the one who drives the car is the one who is allowed to in the contract, but he was not the one who was driving the car at the time of the accident; rather he gave his name as the driver when he reported the accident because of that condition, and he does not know whether his insurance company is going to go after the one who is at fault, or the company itself is going to pay (compensation). Now the car is still under lease. Please advise us, may Allah reward you with good.
Praise be to Allaah.
Commercial insurance of all
types is haraam, because it involves riba, gambling and consuming people’s
wealth unlawfully. This has been discussed previously in the answer to
question no. 8889.
It has also been previously
explained that with regard to lease-to-own contracts, it is not permissible
to force the one who is leasing to take out insurance; rather that should be
done by the owner. See the answer to question no.
If the party who is not at
fault has been harmed physically or financially and the other party has to
pay him diyah or compensation, then he has the right to take it in full,
whether it is paid by the other party himself or through the insurance
company, because the one who is entitled to diyah or compensation has a
right, and he is not responsible for whether the deal that the other party
has with the insurance company is halaal or not.
Based on that, if the
company asks the party at fault for compensation, then the party that is not
at fault may take the value of the damaged parts and the cost of repairing
the car, in addition to the difference between the value of the car before
the accident and its value afterwards, and the cost of repair. See the
answer to question no. 120016.
If the company does not
seek compensation from the party at fault, and it takes on the
responsibility for covering the costs of repair, then the owner of the car
has no right to take anything more than what he paid to the insurance
company, and he should not take anything more than that, because commercial
insurance policies are not acceptable according to sharee‘ah; in addition to
that, there is the issue of what the car owner did of lying and going
against the conditions of the policy; even if insurance were halaal, he
would not be entitled to compensation. Please see the answer to questions no. 131591 and 125801.
And Allah knows best.
Reading Quran and reflecting over the Quran Is our Duty
Read quran and it will guided us to the true teaching of The Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) he summarized the religion of Islam with this statement: “The Religion is naseehah (sincerity)!” So then Tameem ibn Aws, may Allah be pleased with him, then said, “We asked, ‘To whom?’” He said: “To Allah, HIS BOOK holy quran, His Messenger, the leaders of the people, and their common folk.” [Muslim] so to study the religion people should go to the source of and source of Islam is the quran so learning quran and reading quran with the meaning the quran tafsir and then explore the words of wisdom. And for the Muslims the sincerity that is due to the Book of Allah includes doing the quran recitation, listening to quran along with learning the tajweed rules and reciting it beautifully, letting our kids learn quran learning holy quran tafseer and the reasons for its revelation, affirming that it is the Truth, the perfect Speech of Allah and not part of the creation, honoring it and defending it, abiding by the orders and prohibitions found in it and teaching quran to spread the word or truth and calling to it. So by learning quran education online and reflecting over the Quran online, one fulfills an obligation and is rewarded for that. Upon fulfilling this obligation, the Quran then becomes a proof for him on the Day of Judgment! And that is our second benefit we will take by embracing this Noble Book...