Thursday, 14 June 2012

Meaning of Ramadan Fasting

Meaning of Fasting 

This means abstaining from eating and drinking, and from all actions that nullify fastingfrom the dawn till sunset. 
Fast priority 

Among the priorities of fasting are as follows: 
1. Fasting is a shield from a variety of desires. 

2. Fasting is special before God, because all prayers are for the benefit of a servant except fasting, so that He himself will return it. 
3. Those who fast in good faith to enter heaven through a special door called Al-Rayyaan. 

4. Among the simple prayer is a prayer granted by God who is fasting to break him, or on the break. 

5. From jasmaniyah side, fasting is trying to maintain healthy body. 

Diversity Fast 

Fasting is distinguished on the mass, which tathawwu, unlawful, and that makrooh. 
Fasting is obligatory is the fasting of Ramadan, the fasting kaffarat, and fast nadzar. 

Tathawwu fast 'is the fast of David (ie, breaking the fast a day and a day), Monday and Thursday fasting, fasting three days each month (ie the Ayyamul Biidh: the week of 13, 14, 15 every month qamariyah) = Abu Al-Ghifari DZAR said: 
He's commanded us to fast three days in a month, which is in ayyamul bidh: 13 th, 14th, and 15th of each month. He said that fast (if done every month) as fast over the years). An HR-Naša-i, and Ibn Hibban dishahihkan., Fasting six days in the month Syawwal, fasting on the day of Arafat is not berhaji, eight days in the month of fasting Dzulhijjah, fast Taasuu-aa '(9th of Muharram) and fast' Aasyuuraa '(10 Muharram), fasting during the months of Muharram which is illegal, Rajab, Dzulqa'dah, and Dzulhijjah, fasting in the month of Sha'ban, fasting during the day when no food. 

Fasting is prohibited (haram) is the sunnah of the fasting of a woman without her permission, while her husband was present, the fast on syakk (which is doubtful), fasting on the day of 'Id (good' Idul Separated or 'Eid Adhha), fasting during the days Tasyriq 
(ie 11, 12, and 13 Dzulhijjah), fast women are haidh or childbed, fast wishal (day and night as well), very fast dikhuatirkan will cause destruction of the perpetrator. 

While fasting is fasting makruh specific Friday or Saturday and Dahr fast (fast each day). 

Fasting conditions 

Wajibnya fasting conditions are: 
• Islam - those who disbelieve not fast. 
• Up to age - children who are not yet age is not fast enough. 
• Sanity (sane) who is not crazy fast. 
• Authorities (able) to fast - the dangerous illness, the elderly poor and not fast. 
• residing - who are on a journey (journey) for more than two marhalah not obliged to fast, but must mengqada'nya the other day. 

As for fasting conditions are: 

• Islam - fasting is not the unbelievers and the apostates. 
• Sanity or mumaiyiz - not fasting person feeling lost or not mumaiyiz. 
• Purification of childbed haidh and fasting during the day. 
• intention every night. 
• Refrain from all that invalidate the fast. 
• On the day of fasting - fasting is not forbidden to fast on that day. 

Sunnah-Sunnah Fasting 
1. Eating shortly before dawn (between the middle of the night until the dawn) and mengakhirkannya is the main energetic 
2. Accelerate break 
3. Fasting and praying for a break at 
4. To feed the fasting 
5. Keep all members of the body of sin 
6. A lot of charity and kindness to people 
7. Washing dirt (because junub, from haidh holy, holy of childbed) before the publication of the Dawn 
8. Many read the Qur'an accompanied tadabbur, and knowledge learned during the religious month of Ramadan (and continued in other months) 
9. Increasing worship, especially with beriktikaf in the last ten days of Ramadan 
10. Do qiyamul Lail (qiyam Ramadhan) for the month of Ramadhan 
Fast Batalnya 

1. Eating and drinking 
2. Inclusion of an outward into the stomach through the body cavity 
3. Vomiting intentionally 
4. Haidh, childbed, or produce 
5. Masturbation (istimna ') 
6. Apostasy 
7. Jima '(relating to sex): Kafarahnya is freed slave, or fasting two consecutive months, or feed 60 poor people. 

Things that enabled During Fasting 
1. Pour water into the body or to embed themselves into the water 
2. Bercelak, wash eyes with water, or enter any of the eyelids 
3. CUPPING, except if it would weaken the ruling makruh dibekam. 
4. Gargle, mouthwash (madhmadhah) or cleaning the nose with water (istinsyaq), unless the ruling makruh excessive. 
5. Taste of food in small, not up to the throat. 
6. That morning in junub 
7. Women who cut off the blood before shubuh nifasnya haidh or tub may be ending at shubuh. 
Intention for Fasting and compensatory ritual 'Ramadhan Fasting 

Holy faith obligatory fast of Ramadan:  People gathered to break fasting in mosque 

نويت صوم غد عن أداء فرض شهررمضان هذه السنة لله تعالى 

Meaning: Only the next day I meet obligatory fast of Ramadan this year because of God Almighty. 

Pronouncement of the intention of fasting Qhada 'Ramadhan: 
عن قضاء فرض رمضان لله تعالى نويت صوم غد 

Meaning: Only because I am fasting tomorrow instead obligatory Ramadan because Allah Almighty. 
Prayer When Breaking Fast 

اللهم لك صمت وبك آمنت وعلى رزقك أفطرت برحمتك ياأرحم الراحمين

Meaning: O my Lord and fasting because of all I believe and I am with you on a journey with compassion, I rezekimu kasihanmu O Allah the most merciful. 
Breaking possible reasons 

First. Travel (long travel): must compensatory ritual ' 
II. Pain: required compensatory ritual. If the pain does not expect the recovery does not need to compensatory ritual ', but enough to pay redemption. 

Third. Pregnancy: debated replacement 
Fourth. Breastfeeding: at issue replacement 

For women who are pregnant or breastfeeding: 
If the fear of his own time: mandatory compensatory ritual 'only 

If the fear of her time: 
• by jumhur: mandatory compensatory ritual 'only 
• According to Imam Syafi'i: mandatory compensatory ritual and redemption 

If you fear for himself and his son: 
• according to Ibn Umar and Ibn Abbas: it must pay a redemption 
• According to Imam Syafi'i: mandatory compensatory ritual 'only 

Fifth. Elderly: should pay redemption 

Sixth. The very hungry or thirsty: mandatory compensatory ritual ' 

Seventh. Compulsion: compulsory compensatory ritual ' 
Description: To pay redemption means to feed a poor person of the day to leave fast. Magnitude is a redemption pursuant jumhur Mudd, whereas according to the half-Sha Hanafiyah. 

Late compensatory ritual 'fast: 
• If less compensatory ritual 'fasting month of Ramadan comes to others, should be a redemption secupak every day of fasting, and if two years later, over two times Ramadan, should berfidyah of two cup and so on in addition to compulsory mengqadha' fast 
People who die before compensatory ritual 'fast: 
• The Ramadan fast with a lapse due to illness or travel, and he died before mengqadha'nya, optional followed by a compensatory ritual or redemption, and not guilty. 
• If a person dies before mengqadha 'fast with no excuse, then folk should mengqadha'kannya or issuing redemption secupak every day fast.
• flirt fast: To secupak human food (in our country - rice) for each day of fasting that was left, to the poor

The tradition of Hari Raya (Idul Fitri) in Indonesia

One Tradition, that is the tradition in the languagerequested lumrahnya THR or Holiday Allowance. In material things, "our hand should be on top rather than under" and when asked ma, we should first ask maav. in the sense that we should LBH many of the requested shodaqoh shodaqoh. please understand myself! tp ane sometimes forgotten with them. ane even jga often ky gtu. we yuk fox paradigm for the better so we LBH many shodaqoh. Better is "our hands are under the time we ask for forgiveness"

Two Traditions, namely the tradition of his home town or often called "Mudik". Mudik tradition only in Indonesia and only Muslim Indonesia. and that's one thing we must keep the tradition going home with a note made to stay in touch and strengthen ikhuwah Islamiyah. tradition should not be going home or return home to show off or style tradition so that it appears the nature of "showing off". because most, with a tradition of going home to make someone glorify oneself

Three Traditions, namely the tradition of "Send Greeting Card" or the Sundanese language is called "send Lebaran card." already entrenched when we say "HAPPY Iedul Fitri" before the date of first Syawal. Shaum not finished, not finishedRamadan koq Iedul we've said good-Fitr. Let us first finish shaum, spent the first month of Ramadhan, Takbiran first, first Eid prayers, then we say Happy Eid and auditory Iedul "Minna TAQOBBALALLOHU MINKUM SHIYAMANA WA WA SHIYAMAKUM" and will feel the beauty of victory after the fasting month

unique traditions of Ramadan in Indonesia

Did you know various traditions in various regions in Indonesia have been a lot happening from generation to generation only to welcome this holy month? Apem eat cake, for example. What did it mean? 

This tradition is there in Semarang and shaped like anight market. The traders sell all sorts of things, ranging from toys to apparel. In addition, there are also forms of entertainment such as carousel.

Dugderan trusted as a combination of two words, namely 'dug' (drum sounds) and 'der' (cannon sounds). Drum and cannon ancients used to mark the coming of the holy month of Ramadan. Dugderan usually begins one week before the fasting and ends exactly one day before the fasting month begins

Communities in West Sumatrawelcomes the holy month of Ramadan with Balimau tradition. Balimau itself in the language of the Minangkabau have meaning bath with shampoo. This tradition is a symbol of cleansing themselves before starting a fast. 

Balimau also conducted abuzz. Can in a river, lake, or pond. Anyone can join, from young and old, men and women. 

Balimau is a symbol of cleansing themselves before fasting. People young and old, men, women, children to parents, blended together to take a bath together in the tradition of baths. Usually, this balimau ended following the sinking of the sun or the adzan maghrib arrived.

Balimau addition, the community of West Sumatra had a tradition of "malamang", which is made from glutinous rice lemang seruas on bamboo. 

Malamang tradition is common in the community two days before Ramadan arrives. Lamang the cooked later will transfer to home-in-law and next of kin as he apologizes ahead of fasting. 


Meugang is the tradition of the people of Aceh. They slaughtered a buffalo and the meat eaten before Lent. Aceh residents can buy these buffalo venture. 

Usually people who are economically better able to contribute to contribute to the poor could enjoy this. In Aceh, meugang not only held prior to the Idul Fitri holidays, but also during the Idul Adha. 

Eating cake apem (Nyadran) 

Apem eat cake to mark the arrival of the fasting month of commonly performed in Surabaya. Apem cake trusted name comes from the word 'afwan' in Arabic, which means forgiveness. So symbolically eat cake can be interpreted apem apologizes to family, relatives, and friends. After eating cake apem, the people who gathered usually greet each other shaking hands apologized, and continued the show with tahlilan. 

Nyadran have known such a tradition of our ancestors long ago. After Islam was introduced to the archipelago (about the 13th century), such a tradition that has been known nyadran this society, is slowly beginning to acculturated with Islamic teachings. When Wali Songo broadcast of Islam in Java, this tradition back to "modified". Finally happened blend of ritual, among the Java community trust with the teachings of Islam, which then produces nyadran tradition. 

Perlon unggahan 

Before the holy month began, the community had organized a big meal Banyumas, called Perlon Unggahan. Various kinds of food available, but that should not be missed is the lunch pack, serundeng beef, and vegetables soggy. Uniquely, serundeng beef and vegetables should be prepared muddy men and their number should be 12 people, mainly due to the number of goats and cows are slaughtered. 

Tonight the group had not yet finished so bare of pedestrians entering the tomb complex Bonokeling. With sejinjing 'Ambeng' padepokan they gathered in this place six Kasepuhan worship. Kyai Kasepuhan Mejasari, Kyai Padawirja, Kayai Wiryatpada, Kyai Padawitama, Kyai Kyai Wangsapada and Naya Leksana Bonokeling kneeling in front of the tomb. Khushuu they worship, without their cocky walk. Keiklasan hearts and unites them together to face the Almighty.